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There are countless reasons to fall in love with Warsaw

National Memorial Places


History has not spared this part of Europe: Warsaw has more than once been thought of as an invincible city, as we find in its history many examples of heroic struggle. But this section of 'National Memorial Places' is mainly the struggle against the German occupiers, when about 200,000 residents were killed and 85% of the city's buildings were destroyed. In some areas of the city, the damage was complete – sections of Warsaw were levelled, razed to the ground. Cultural losses are impossible to estimate, and include burned libraries and museum collections, destroyed temples and palaces (including the Royal Castle), and the loss in terms of the personal possessions of the population are even greater. On many of the city's streets, we can find commemorative plaques marking places of battle, and where the executions of Poles were carried out during World War II.

Muzeum Powstania Warszawskiego
Warsaw Rising Museum
(Muzeum Powstania Warszawskiego)

ul. Grzybowska 79, (entrance from ul. Przyokopowa),
tel.  22 539 79 05
www.1944.pl

Opened on the 60th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising, this is one of the most interesting and most-visited museums in the capital. Its modern exhibitions show not only the city's heroic struggle, but also the daily life of the insurgents. Images and sounds present the days prior to the outbreak of the Uprising, its subsequent phases, as well as the insurgents’ exit and their subsequent fate. A special attraction is the Museum tower, with a beautiful view of Warsaw and Freedom Park with the Memorial Wall, on which are engraved the names of more than 10,000 insurgents who died during battle. The Museum is a tribute to the inhabitants of Warsaw who fought and died for an independent Poland and its capital. More information
(fot. Warsaw Tourism Organization)


Mauzoleum Walki i Męczeństwa

Mausoleum of Struggle and Martyrdom
(Mauzoleum Walki i Męczeństwa)

al. Szucha 25
tel. 22 629 49 19
www.muzeum-niepodleglosci.pl

In the years of occupation (1939-1945) Szucha Avenue was a street of exceptionally low repute. The street was included in the closed so-called German district, and its name was changed to the Strasse der Polizei ('Police Street' or 'ulica Policyjna'). This part of the city, fenced in with ramps, was sometimes ironically called the ‘ghetto for the Germans’. The building at 25 Szucha Avenue housed the headquarters of the Security Police and Security Service during the occupation. The basement was used as an investigative prison, where detainees were tortured; it was also here that mass executions of Poles took place during the Warsaw Uprising. After the war, former prisoners and inhabitants of Warsaw treated it as a cemetery – gathering there to leave flowers and burning candles. Shortly after it became the Mausoleum, and a place of national remembrance. Currently, the building is occupied by the Ministry of Education, with the Mausoleum in the left wing of the building. (fot. Museum of Independence in Warsaw)


Pomnik Armii Krajowej

Monument of the National Military
(Pomnik Armii Krajowej)

ul. Wiejska

A monument commemorating Armia Krajowa (AK), the secret forces of the Polish Underground during World War II. It was the strongest and most well-organised underground organisation in Europe at that time. (fot. Tomasz Nowak)



Budynek Past'y
PAST Bulding
(Gmach PAST’y)

ul. Zielna 37

In between the World Wars the building belonged to the Polska Akcyjna Spółka Telefoniczna (which is how it gets the acronym PAST). During World War II, the building was occupied by the Germans as a strategic site, as all telephone calls from Berlin to General Government authorities went through this central location. The capture of the building by the Kiliński battalion in August of 1944 was one of the most important events of the Warsaw Uprising. In 2003, a four-meter high anchor was installed, the symbol of Battling Poland. (fot. Tomasz Nowak)


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