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There are countless reasons to fall in love with Warsaw

Warsaw City Breaks


JEWISH WARSAW

30% of the pre-war Warsaw population was Jewish. Hundreds of Jewish schools and libraries were open in the city. There was a thriving cultural life in the numerous clubs, theatres and restaurants. Pre-war Warsaw was home to the Nobel-Prize winning writer, Izaak Bashevis Singer and the well-known pianist, Władysław Szpilman. Warsaw, despite the destruction of the war still has some sites linked to Jewish culture.

Cmentarz Żydowski
Jewish Cemetery (Cmentarz Żydowski)
ul. Okopowa 49/51

One of the largest Jewish cemeteries in the world established in the years 1799-1806. Among those buried here are many people well known in Polish and Jewish culture. More information


Synagoga Nożyków

Nożyk Synagogue (Synagoga Nożyków)

ul. Twarda 6

The only pre-war synagogue in Warsaw still open. Built in the years 1898-1902 upon the initiative of the Nożyk Family. Today it is not only a place of religious practice but also an important centre of culture. More information


Pomnik Bohaterów Getta

Monument to the Ghetto Heroes (Pomnik Bohaterów Getta)

ul. Zamenhofa

In November 1940, in the centre of Warsaw, the Germans created the Jewish Ghetto and surrounded it by a high wall. Approx. 500,000 Jews from Warsaw and the surrounding area were imprisoned here. Within barely three years, over 100,000 people had died of starvation and sickness. In April 1943, the Germans began destroying the Ghetto. This resulted in the Ghetto uprising. The monument to honor the heroes of the uprising was unveiled in the ruins of the city in 1948. More information




Fragment of the Ghetto Wall
The only fragment of the wall separating the Ghetto from the rest of the city has survived between the properties along 55 Sienna and 62 Złota Streets. In order to protect this tragic part of the history of the city from being forgotten, 21 locations demarcating the limits of the Ghetto walls were designated with 21 plaques. Beside the plaques with maps, photographs and descriptions in Polish and in English, there also appeared pavement-embedded cast iron plates indicating the width of the wall.

Umschlagplatz

Umschlagplatz

ul. Stawki 10

Umschlagplatz (Loading Square) marks the place where Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto were loaded onto cattle wagons and sent to Treblinka. A list of all the Ghetto ‘inhabitants’ is engraved in the monument’s marble. More information


ŻIH

Jewish Historical Institute (Żydowski Instytut Historyczny)
(closed until 15 October due to renovation)
ul. Tłomackie 3/5
www.jewishinstitute.org.pl

Established in 1947, the Institute possesses a rich collection of Judaica among its archival material and works of art. Before the war the Great Reform Synagogue stood on Tłomackie Street. It was dynamited by the Nazis in 1943 and never rebuilt. It has been replaced by the so-called ‘Blue Tower’, which now faces the capital’s City Hall.

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