Welcome to Warsaw - a city to spend several days in, to get to know its character, discover the extraordinary history of the capital of Poland and surrender to its unique atmosphere...
Old Town (Stare Miasto)
New Town (Nowe Miasto)
Royal Route (Trakt Królewski):
Trzech Krzyży Square (Plac Trzech Krzyży)
Ujazdowskie Avenue (Aleje Ujazdowskie)
Royal Łazienki Park (Łazienki Królewskie)
Jewish Warsaw (Warszawskie Judaica)
Warsaw Praga District (Warszawska Praga)
OLD TOWN (STARE MIASTO)
The history of the oldest part of the city dates back to the 13th century, when it was established as a fortified settlement encircling the Duke of Płock’s castle. Almost completely destroyed during the World War II, with the 90% of the buildings razed to the ground, the city was rebuilt at enormous cost and effort of the citizens of Warsaw. The result of the painstaking process of the city’s reconstruction resulted in the inclusion of the Old Town on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1980. Today, it is a thriving and popular pedestrian area with numerous galleries, restaurants and cafes charming tourists and Varsovians alike, a place to breathe in its unique atmosphere.
King Zygmunt III Waza Column (Kolumna Zygmunta III Wazy)
The oldest and tallest secular monument in Warsaw, the column was erected in 1644 on the initiative of King Władysław IV, in honor of his father, King Zygmunt III Waza who moved the capital of Poland from Kraków to Warsaw. Rising twenty two meters above Zamkowy Square, the column is among Warsaw’s most important monuments and as such a popular meeting spot for many Varsovians. More information
Royal Castle (Zamek Królewski)
Plac Zamkowy 4
Constructed in 15th century as a royal residence, the castle has been rebuilt and re-modeled many times. It was rebuilt using the generous donations of city’s citizens, which enabled it to be restored to its past glory, after its destruction during the World War II. The valuable furnishings that survived the war can now be seen at the permanent museum exhibitions. More information
Cathedral Basilica of the Martyrdom of St. John the Baptist (Bazylika Archikatedralna pw. Męczeństwa św. Jana Chrzciciela)
ul. Świętojańska 8
Modestly located between townhouses, the Cathedral was erected in the 14th century as a parish church. It gradually gained significance until it became the most important church of the Republic witnessing royal weddings, coronations and funerals. The crypt holds the bodies of many Poles of merit – Stanisław August Poniatowski (Poland’s last monarch), Gabriel Narutowicz (President) and Henryk Sienkiewicz (Nobel Prize winning novelist), to name a few.
During the summer the Cathedral opens its doors to those wishing to listen to beautiful organ concerts. More information
The Kanonia is yet another interesting detail to look for. This enchanting yard hidden at the back of the Cathedral was once (until the 18th century) a cemetery, the only reminder of which is the Rococo Madonna figure placed in the axis of the presbytery.
Old Town Market Square (Rynek Starego Miasta)
Definitely the highlight of past and present Warsaw, the square has remained unchanged, except for one element, since the city’s foundation. Once, the centre of the square was occupied by the town hall, which was demolished later and replaced by a number of 19th century water pumps and the Warsaw mermaid.
A legend has it that one of the townhouses was inhabited by Basilisk, a monster that guarded the treasures in the basement. Anyone who dared to stare at him faced immediate death under his ferocious stare.
Warsaw Mermaid Statue (Pomnik Warszawskiej Syrenki)
Warsaw’s best loved statue is the symbol of Warsaw and the municipal coat of arms since the beginning of the 20th century. There are three mermaid statues in Warsaw: one is located in the Old Town Square, another overlooks the Vistula River near the Świętokrzyski Bridge and the third can be found on Karowa Street. More information
Historical Museum of Warsaw (Muzeum Historyczne m.st. Warszawy)
Rynek Starego Miasta 28/42
The Museum is a must see for anyone wishing to understand the complex and unique character of Warsaw. Occupying a set of 60 rooms the fascinating exhibits illustrate the history of the city from its dawn to contemporary times. Warsaw’s development is portrayed through paintings, drawings, photographs, documents and films. The latter medium is especially striking when depicting the tragedy of the city’s destruction during the World War II. More information
A rubbish dump from the Middle Ages to the second half of the 18th century, it now offers an excellent viewing point over the Vistula River and the right bank part of the city.